What is determined when having your Body Composition measured?

  • Body Mass Index (BMI) is a number calculated from a person’s weight & height. BMI is a reliable indicator of body fatness for people. BMI does not measure body fat directly, but research has shown that BMI correlates to direct measures of body fat.
  • Body Fat serves a vital role in storing energy and protecting internal organs. We carry 2-types of fat in our bodies. (1) Essential fat which is stored in small amounts to protect the body. (2) Stored fat which is stocked for energy during physical activity. While too much body fat may be unhealthy, having too little fat can be just as unhealthy. Also, distribution of body fat in men and women is different, so the basis for classifying the body fat percentage is different between genders.
  • Visceral Fat (VF) is found in the abdomen surrounding vital organs. It is different from the fat found directly underneath the skin, which is referred to as subcutaneous fat. VF can go largely unnoticed because it’s not visible to the naked eye. One way fat can be seen is through Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI).  ~ Too much VF is thought to be closely linked to increased levels of fat in the bloodstream, which may lead to conditions such as high cholesterol, heat disease and type 2 diabetes.
  • Resting Metabolic Rate (RMR) Regardless of your activity level, a minimum level of calorie intake is equires to sustain the body’s everyday functions. Known as the resting metabolic rate (RMR), this indicates how many calories you need to ingest in order to provide enough energy for your body to function.
  • Skeletal Muscle Mass (SMM) is the type of muscle that we can see and feel. When you workout to increase muscle mass, skeletal muscle mass is being exercised. Skeletal muscles attach to the skeleton and come in pairs – one muscle to move bone in one direction and another to move it back the other way. Increasing skeletal muscle will increase your body’s energy requirements. The more muscle you have, the more calories your body will burn. Building skeletal muscle can help prevent “rebound” weight gain. The maintenance and increase of SMM is closely linked to resting metabolism rate (RMR).

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